passive sentences

Forming (1)passive sentences

'I was given that watch by Luke'

 

Verbs such as give take both a Direct Object (DO*) and an Indirect Object (IO*) in 2 patterns :

·        V + IO* + DO*

·        V + DO* + preposition + IO*

These verbs have 2 corresponding passives

 

 

active pattern

 

 

passive

 

a :  V + IO* + DO*

b :  V + DO* + preposition + IO*

* DO=Direct Object  IO=Indirect Object

 

 

Luke gave me that watch.

Luke gave that watch to me.

 

 

I was given that watch ( by Luke ).

That watch was given ( * to ) me ( by Luke ).

 

+ The choice :

·        It depends on the context.

·        If we wish to specify an agent by at the end of the clause.

·        Note that 'to' can be left out ( informal context ), in the second passive pattern.

 

The verbs :

·        give, award, hand, lend, send, throw.

·        tell, ask, read, teach.

 

Verbs that can't be followed by Indirect Object + Direct Object in the active form

V + DO* + preposition + IO*

These verbs have 1 corresponding passives

 

 

active pattern

 

 

passive

 

V + DO* + preposition + IO*

* DO=Direct Object  IO=Indirect Object

 

 

She explained us the situation.

She explained the situation to us.

 

 

We were explained the situation.

The situation was explained to us.

 

The verbs  :

·        announce, demonstrate, describe, introduce, mention, propose, report, say, suggest.

 

 

Verbs followed by Object + Complement in the active have 1 passive form.

V + O* + Complement

These verbs have 1 corresponding passives

 

 

active pattern

 

 

passive

 

V + O* + Complement

* O=Direct Object  or Indirect Object

 

 

They named him 'Huck'.

 

 

He was named 'Huck'.

MR HAMZAOUI
 
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