Prépositions 3

Prépositions  at  on  in (time)  prepositions espace (1)

Examples :

They arrived at 8.30.

They arrived on Sunday.

They arrived in June. / They arrived in 1998.

USE :

at : for a time of a day  

at 5 o'clock

at midday

at lunchtime

at Xmas

at sunset

 

 

 

on : for days and dates

on Friday /

on Fridays

on 19 November 1994

on Xmas Day

on my birthday

 

 

 

 

in : for months, yearsseasons 

in October

in 1998

in (the) winter

in the 1950's

in the Middle Ages

in the past

in (the) future

in the past

 We use at in these expressions …  

at night…

 

-         at night : I don't like going out at night.

-         at the weekend / at weekends : I' ll be there at the weekend.

-         at Christmas : Do you have a lot of presents at Christmas ?

-         at the moment / at present : He is quite busy at the moment / at present

-         at the same time : Jessie and I left at the same time.

 

in the evening …

 

on Friday ….

 

We say...

- in the morning(s) : I'll come in the morning

- on Friday morning(s) : See you on Friday morning.

- in the afternoon(s) : He used to rest in the afternoon.

- on Sunday afternoon(s) : There's a play on Sunday afternoon

- in the evening(s) : I don't work in the evening.

- on Monday evening(s) : I saw them on Monday evening.

 

  • We do not use at / on / in / before last / next / this / every:

-         I'll see you next Friday (not "on next Friday")

-         They got married last May.

  • In spoken English we often leave out on before days :

-         I'll see her on Sunday <=>  I'll see her Sunday

  • in a few minutes / in six months etc.

-         The train will leave in a few seconds.

-         I'll be back home in a few months.

  •  You can also say ' in six years' time, 'in a week's time' etc.

-         They are getting married in a month's time. / or /…in a month.

  •  We also use in to say how long it takes to do something:

-         I  learnt how to drive in six months => It took me six months to learn.

 

 

PREPOSITION



Definition: Prepositions are a class of words that indicate relationships between nouns, pronouns and other words in a sentence. Most often they come before a noun. They never change their form, regardless of the case, gender etc. of the word they are referring to.

Some common prepositions are:

about
above
across
after
against
along
among
around
at
before
behind
below
beneath
beside
between
beyond
but
by
despite
down
during
except
for
from
in
inside
into
like
near
of
off
on
onto
out
outside
over
past
since
through
throughout
till
to
toward
under
underneath
until
up
upon
with
within
without.

Prepositions typically come before a noun:

For example:

  • after class
  • at home
  • before Tuesday
  • in London
  • on fire
  • with pleasure

 

A preposition usually indicates the temporal, spatial or logical relationship of its object to the rest of the sentence.

For example:

  • The book is on the table.
  • The book is beside the table.
  • She read the book during class.

    In each of the preceding sentences, a preposition locates the noun "book" in space or in time.

 

Prepositions are classified as simple or compound.

Simple prepositions
Simple prepositions are single word prepositions. These are all showed above.

For example:

  • The book is on the table.

 

Compound prepositions
Compound prepositions are more than one word. in between and because of are prepositions made up of two words - in front of, on behalf of are prepositions made up of three words.

For example:

  • The book is in between War and Peace and The Lord of the Rings.
  • The book is in front of the clock.

 

Examples:

  • The children climbed the mountain without fear.
  • There was rejoicing throughout the land when the government was defeated.
  • The spider crawled slowly along the banister.

 

The following table contains rules for some of the most frequently used prepositions in English:

Prepositions of Time:

English Usage Example
  • on
  • days of the week
  • on Monday
  • in
  • months / seasons
  • time of day
  • year
  • after a certain period of time (when?)
  • in August / in winter
  • in the morning
  • in 2006
  • in an hour
  • at
  • for night
  • for weekend
  • a certain point of time (when?)
  • at night
  • at the weekend
  • at half past nine
  • since
  • from a certain point of time (past till now)
  • since 1980
  • for
  • over a certain period of time (past till now)
  • for 2 years
  • ago
  • a certain time in the past
  • 2 years ago
  • before
  • earlier than a certain point of time
  • before 2004
  • to
  • telling the time
  • ten to six (5:50)
  • past
  • telling the time
  • ten past six (6:10)
  • to / till / until
  • marking the beginning and end of a period of time
  • from Monday to/till Friday
  • till / until
  • in the sense of how long something is going to last
  • He is on holiday until Friday.
  • by
  • in the sense of at the latest
  • up to a certain time
  • I will be back by 6 o’clock.
  • By 11 o'clock, I had read five pages.

Prepositions of Place:

English Usage Example
  • in
  • room, building, street, town, country
  • book, paper etc.
  • car, taxi
  • picture, world
  • in the kitchen, in London
  • in the book
  • in the car, in a taxi
  • in the picture, in the world
  • at
  • meaning next to, by an object
  • for table
  • for events
  • place where you are to do something typical (watch a film, study, work)
  • at the door, at the station
  • at the table
  • at a concert, at the party
  • at the cinema, at school, at work
  • on
  • attached
  • for a place with a river
  • being on a surface
  • for a certain side (left, right)
  • for a floor in a house
  • for public transport
  • for television, radio
  • the picture on the wall
  • London lies on the Thames.
  • on the table
  • on the left
  • on the first floor
  • on the bus, on a plane
  • on TV, on the radio
  • by, next to, beside
  • left or right of somebody or something
  • Jane is standing by / next to / beside the car.
  • under
  • on the ground, lower than (or covered by) something else
  • the bag is under the table
  • below
  • lower than something else but above ground
  • the fish are below the surface
  • over
  • covered by something else
  • meaning more than
  • getting to the other side (also across)
  • overcoming an obstacle
  • put a jacket over your shirt
  • over 16 years of age
  • walk over the bridge
  • climb over the wall
  • above
  • higher than something else, but not directly over it
  • a path above the lake
  • across
  • getting to the other side (also over)
  • getting to the other side
  • walk across the bridge
  • swim across the lake
  • through
  • something with limits on top, bottom and the sides
  • drive through the tunnel
  • to
  • movement to person or building
  • movement to a place or country
  • for bed
  • go to the cinema
  • go to London / Ireland
  • go to bed
  • into
  • enter a room / a building
  • go into the kitchen / the house
  • towards
  • movement in the direction of something (but not directly to it)
  • go 5 steps towards the house
  • onto
  • movement to the top of something
  • jump onto the table
  • from
  • in the sense of where from
  • a flower from the garden

MR HAMZAOUI
 
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